horizontal restraints


horizontal restraints
эк. горизонтальные ограничения (картельные соглашения между компаниями, находящимися на одном уровне производственной цепочки и изготавливающими сходную продукцию; создаются с целью фиксации цен и ограничения конкуренции; форма неконкурентной деловой практики)

Horizontal restraints of trade — that is, concerted actions among entities in actual or potential competition with one another — have traditionally been considered the most serious of antitrust infractions and constitute that category of violations most susceptible to criminal penalties. — Горизонтальные торговые ограничения, совместные действия между реально или потенциально конкурирующими организациями, традиционно считаются самыми серьезными антитрестовскими нарушениями и входят в категорию нарушений, наиболее подверженных уголовным взысканиям.

See:

Англо-русский экономический словарь.

Смотреть что такое "horizontal restraints" в других словарях:

  • horizontal restraints of trade — A restraint of trade involving businesses at the same level of operation. A horizontal restraint is an agreement between competitors to refuse to deal with one or more persons, while a vertical restraint (vertical restraints of trade) involves… …   Black's law dictionary

  • horizontal restraints of trade — A restraint of trade involving businesses at the same level of operation. A horizontal restraint is an agreement between competitors to refuse to deal with one or more persons, while a vertical restraint (vertical restraints of trade) involves… …   Black's law dictionary

  • horizontal agreements — Agreements among competitors at same level of distribution. Gilchrist Machinery Co., Inc. v. Komatsu America Corp., D.C.Miss., 601 F.Supp. 1192, 1199. See horizontal restraints of trade …   Black's law dictionary

  • horizontal agreements — Agreements among competitors at same level of distribution. Gilchrist Machinery Co., Inc. v. Komatsu America Corp., D.C.Miss., 601 F.Supp. 1192, 1199. See horizontal restraints of trade …   Black's law dictionary

  • horizontal agreement — n: an agreement among economic competitors on the same level of production or distribution compare vertical agreement ◇ Horizontal agreements are generally considered illegal as violating antitrust laws. Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law.… …   Law dictionary

  • Vertical restraints — are agreements between firms or individuals at different levels of the production and distribution process. Vertical restraints are to be distinguished from so called “horizontal restraints,” which are agreements between horizontal competitors.… …   Wikipedia

  • vertical — Pertaining to a relationship between a buyer and a seller e.g., an agreement between a supplier and a retail dealer is called a vertical agreement. See also vertical integration @ vertical price fixing contract An illegal agreement to maintain… …   Black's law dictionary

  • Federal Trade Commission — Infobox Government agency agency name = Federal Trade Commission logo = logo width = logo caption = seal width = 150 px seal caption = Official seal formed = September 26, 1914 preceding1 = Bureau of Corporations jurisdiction = Federal government …   Wikipedia

  • Falsework — consists of temporary structures used in construction to support spanning or arched structures in order to hold the component in place until its construction is sufficiently advanced to support itself. Falsework also includes temporary support… …   Wikipedia

  • Diane Wood — Judge of the Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit Incumbent Assumed office June 30, 1995 Nominated by Bill Clinton Preceded by …   Wikipedia

  • Resale price maintenance — (RPM) is the practice whereby a manufacturer and its distributors agree that the latter will sell the former s product at certain prices (resale price maintenance), at or above a price floor (minimum resale price maintenance) or at or below a… …   Wikipedia